Coming Up This Week

  • Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell will testify in Congress on Tuesday, and U.S. May retail sales data also come out Tuesday (analysts expect it to show the first signs of a modest recovery in retail spending).

  • Friday is Juneteenth, which commemorates the day in 1865 on which Union general Gordon Granger read federal orders announcing the freedom of all U.S. slaves.

LME Commodity Spot Prices

  • Aluminum: $1,560/ton

  • Copper: $5,785/ton

  • Cobalt: $29,500/ton

  • Gold: $1,730/toz


  • Police in Atlanta shot and killed Rayshard Brooks, a black man who had stolen one of their tasers during a struggle and was firing it at them. Destructive protests broke out and Atlanta’s police chief resigned over the incident.


  • At the last minute, Turkey and Russia postponed planned minister-level talks on Libya that were supposed to start today in Kabul. No new date has been announced yet.

  • The reason for the delay was reportedly a disagreement over who should head a potential political settlement for Libya: Russia wants Aguila Saleh to replace Khalifa Haftar as the LNA leader and joint leader of a unified national government, while Turkey agrees Saleh should replace Haftar but wants him to remain a level below Fayez al Serraj.


  • Afghanistan’s interior ministry accused the Taliban of carrying out 222 attacks on the ANSF in the past week, killing 171 police and soldiers. However, there are some reasons to doubt the ministry’s accounting: a ministry spokesman blamed both of this month’s Kabul mosque bombings on the Taliban when it’s more likely Islamic State was at fault for both.

  • A blast in Nangarhar killed one and injured three. No group has claimed it yet, and it appears to have targeted civilians rather than security forces, so it looks more like an Islamic State attack than a Taliban one.

  • A good NYT article pasted below covers the rise of quack medicine as Afghans get increasingly desperate to treat coronavirus amidst a failing health system.


  • Alex Saab Moran, a Colombian businessman affiliated with Pres. Maduro who had been indicted by the U.S. for money laundering, was arrested on an Interpol red notice when his plane stopped in Cape Verde to refuel on the way to Iran. U.S. officials believe he was going to Iran to try to broker more gasoline-for-gold deals.

Desperate for Any Coronavirus Care, Afghans Flock to Herbalist’s ‘Vaccine’ (NYT)

Afghanistan’s health system, largely dependent on foreign aid, has been overwhelmed, and official numbers are seen as an indication of a widening catastrophe.

Every day, thousands of people swarmed Hakeem Alokozai’s herbal clinic in Kabul seeking their three drops of his Covid-19 “vaccine.” Some carried IV drips, others oxygen cylinders. Some were brought in ambulances, others in the back of Toyota station wagons. They were laborers, officers of the security forces and even lawmakers in the country’s Parliament.

When the Afghan Health Ministry first tried to shut down Mr. Alokozai’s operation several weeks ago, residents were furious — they protested, blocking roads and burning tires. Even after laboratory tests showed that his concoction was nothing but several types of narcotics, the response was: So what? The government has since forced him to leave the city.

The rush on the herbalist in Kabul nonetheless points to Afghans’ rising desperation as the coronavirus overwhelms their country’s struggling health system amid a bloody war with the Taliban.

As the virus spreads and the death toll climbs, Afghan officials have said they simply do not have the capacity to test and contain the pandemic. President Ashraf Ghani’s administration, which is largely dependent on aid from donor countries that are themselves grappling with the pandemic, is trying to manage daily violence and focus on averting a famine that officials fear could grip a country where 80 percent of the population lives just above the poverty line.

The Health Ministry said on Sunday that about 55 percent of the roughly 1,200 coronavirus tests conducted in the past 24 hours were positive, bringing the number of official cases to about 25,000. The recorded death toll stands just below 500.

But health experts openly warn that the official figures are at best an indication of a catastrophic picture, not an accurate count. The Afghan health minister, Ahmad Jawad Usmani, said that about 20,000 samples were being taken across the country each day, but that there was capacity to test only about 2,000.

The governor of Kabul, Mohammad Yaqub Haidari, said at a recent news conference that the city’s ambulance service had told him there were about 33 deaths a day. He said his phone rang constantly with news of the dead needing burial, and that those thought to be victims of the virus were being buried in the dark of night.

“The number of infected is higher than the picture we have,” Mr. Haidari said, adding, “In Kabul, it is likely more than a million people.”

Mohammed Dawood Danish, the head of one of the two government hospitals in Kabul that has been dedicated to coronavirus treatments, said that many patients died before they could be tested.

“Last week, on average, we had eight deaths a day at our hospital,” Mr. Danish said. “Maybe two of them would be tested, while six others who had symptoms died before testing.”

Over the past two decades, Afghanistan’s health system has been largely dependent on subcontracting services to small nongovernmental organizations and reliant on foreign donations for health spending of roughly $5 per person.

The Afghan government sought to make the fight against Covid-19 a demonstration of its competence. Amrullah Saleh, one of the country two vice presidents, said in April that his government had been a “role model of management in the third world” and that it did not “need W.H.O. to come show my nation how to wash their hands.”

But hospitals across the country were soon overwhelmed. In Kabul, there were widespread complaints of a lack of oxygen cylinders. In Herat, the center of the country’s first outbreak, front-line medical workers resigned en masse, saying that they had not been paid for months.

In Kandahar’s main hospital, coronavirus tests were positive for about 100 of 900 staff members. Basic health services in the restive region could barely be delivered, and the hospital was forced to stop receiving the roughly 2,000 people needing daily outpatient services, admitting only the most seriously ill patients.

At the main regional hospital in the northern province of Kunduz, 83 of 361 staff members came down with the virus.

“I am resting at home, because I am infected — so are my wife and four daughters,” said Dr. Mohamed Naeem Mangal, the director of the hospital.

Dr. Mangal said he had called the Covid-19 testing facility in Kunduz to arrange tests for his daughters, who were gravely ill, and was told that there was no testing and that they should just stay home and self-medicate.

“The problem now is that the virus has spread to the families of our staff,” Dr. Mangal said.

In the early weeks of the outbreak, the government tried to enforce partial lockdowns in urban centers. It bought some time by distributing bread to the most needy. But without a social safety net, many people soon left their homes to return to work. Infections mounted last month after markets were flooded with people shopping for Eid al-Fitr, the Muslim festival that ends the holy month of Ramadan.

In the weeks that followed, hospitals were quickly overwhelmed. People hoarded oxygen cylinders at home, exacerbating the state of panic at health facilities. Death notices flooded social media, few mentioning the cause. Crowded funerals followed. In private conversations, families would admit that deceased loved ones had shown symptoms.

So when news spread that Mr. Alokozai, the herbalist, had “a vaccine,” people rushed to his clinic.

Mr. Alokozai has been making herbal medicine for 25 years, his brother Mohammad Khamas said. They first started distributing the concoction in Kandahar with a partner, before bringing it to Kabul on a scale where some days as many as 5,000 people were given three drops of it for no charge.

“The rush was such that sometimes people brought blankets and slept on the road the night before to be first in line the next morning,” said Sediqullah Nekzad, a tailor next door to the clinic. “Hundred percent, it worked — one time they brought a patient in an ambulance who was plugged into oxygen. An hour later, I swear to god, he walked on his own feet. I saw it with my own eyes.”

When its warnings were ignored, the Health Ministry published the result of its tests on the so-called vaccine. Tests found several types of opiates — opium, morphine, papaverine, codeine — mixed with a few herbs. The pressure grew, and Mr. Alokozai’s big-ticket supporters quietly backed off. The clinic in Kabul was closed.

Mr. Alokozai appears to be in hiding, with reports of a warrant for his arrest, but his brother said they continued to distribute his drops to about 3,000 people in Kandahar each day.

Mr. Alokozai has split with one of his first partners in Kandahar, who had been distributing the concoction on his behalf.

The former partner, Nisar Ahmad Ehsan, said Mr. Alokozai had stopped sending them drops — which people drink in a glass of water or tea — after demand rose in Kandahar. So he left to make his own “vaccine.”

“Our drop is better than Alokozai’s — his took 30 minutes to an hour to kick in, ours takes only five to 10 minutes,” Mr. Ehsan said. “Alokozai is not a herbalist — he is an addict. I don’t know where he got his formula from.”

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